Cavities are one of the most common oral issues that most people face. They are most often caused due to the accumulated plaque and tartar on the surface of the teeth. The microbes in the tartar release acids that are so powerful that they can erode the enamel and reach the inner layers of the teeth, causing decay.
Cavities are most often seen on the molars and premolars as they contain occlusal grooves on their surfaces. The grooves may look small enough for a single bristle of a toothbrush to penetrate through, but this is sufficient for the microbes to multiply and cause cavities. Over time, the bacteria and rotting food particles cause an infection, thereby leading to a decay.
What are sealants?
Dental sealants are tooth-colored acrylic coatings that effectively cover the grooves of the molars and premolars. This way, they prevent the entry of the microbes into the grooves and provide excellent protection against cavities. They are highly wear-resistant, aesthetically pleasing and virtually undetectable. They wouldn’t interfere with brushing the teeth or chewing food, allowing your mouth to function like normal. With proper oral hygiene and care, they can last for several years with reapplication.
The teeth that are going to receive the sealants are cleaned thoroughly. In case there is a cavity on the tooth, the decay will be removed, disinfected and a filling material will be applied to it. The tooth will be etched using a suitable etching solution so that the sealant adheres to the surface well. The acrylic sealant will be applied on the groove, shaped accordingly to prevent any bite-related issue and hardened. Once finished, it would offer excellent protection against microbes entering the occlusal grooves.