A tooth extraction is a dental procedure where a tooth is removed entirely from the socket of the jawbone. It is performed by a trained dentist who would make sure the patient doesn’t experience any pain during the procedure by administering local anesthesia.
We, as dentists, try our very best to save a tooth as much as possible. This is because we prefer retaining the natural tissues of the body rather than replacing them with a prosthetic. However, when no treatment method helps to get rid of the infection the tooth is suffering from, or when the tooth will have to be removed with no other choice, an extraction would become inevitable.
When is an extraction required?
- Cavities: A tooth extraction is most often recommended when a tooth is badly decayed and can’t be revived using medication of fillings. Moreover, if the tooth is left untreated, the infection could progress on to the root canal and to the jawbone as well, which is why we would advise you to get the tooth extracted.
- Damaged teeth: When a patient undergoes external trauma to the mouth, it could cause several injuries such as soft tissue abrasion, chipping, tooth fracture, etc. When a tooth is badly damaged, such as broken, cracked, or broken off at the gums, it is best to get it extracted. If it can be restored, we would use restorative methods such as veneers, crowns or composite bonding to bring it back to its original shape.
- Orthodontics: Malocclusion can ruin the aesthetics of the smile, which is why we suggest orthodontic treatment to patients who require it. During most orthodontic treatments, such as using braces, Invisalign, etc. a tooth will have to be removed on either side of the jaws to accommodate the movement of the teeth.
- Impacted teeth:Impacted teeth are the ones that are stuck in the socket. Such teeth can usually be quite painful and lead to infections of the gums as well. They will, without a doubt, have to be extracted to avoid further complications.
- Milk teeth: Milk teeth which refuse to fall off can be quite a problem. The permanent teeth that are supposed to emerge in their place often emerge deviated due to this, thereby causing malocclusion and ruining the aesthetics of the smile. They will have to be carefully extracted to prevent malocclusion.
How is a tooth extracted?
Perhaps, a tooth extraction is one of the simplest dental procedures. The teeth will be thoroughly cleaned to prevent microbes from entering the site of extraction. Local anesthesia will be given to the gums of the patient in order to numb them. This also gets rid of the sensation in the teeth, jaws, and the jawbone as well.
Most patients say that they just feel a sensation of pressure. You will have to bite into a piece of gauze to stop the bleeding, after which you will be given aftercare instructions.